Frog eyed Gecko – The Ultimate Guide


Frog eyed Gecko

Origin 

The frog-eyed gecko is an animal native to the Central and East Asian regions as well as in the Middle East. This animal belongs to the lizard family and has the scientific name Teratoscincus scincus. They are also known as Common wonder geckos.

They are precisely located in arid and desert parts of Western Iran, Pakistan and Afghanistan. They are also found in the nearby regions of China and the Arabian Peninsula. There is another recognized classification of this animal and that is  Teratoscincus rustamowi which is found in some areas of Uzbekistan.

Frog geckos are docile animals and they can be good pets for those who plan to enter into the hobby. They are good for beginners since they don’t require too much technicality in handling. 

Identifying Traits 

This unique animal may be a bit strange in appearance but is perfectly appealing! The first thing that could catch your attention is their huge and charming eyes. That’s the reason behind their name.

Some of the special physical features of frog-eyed geckos are their body scale which is similar to fish scales. These scales are considered a natural adaption to their environment so that they survive the harsh weather conditions in the desert. The scales regulate the moisture in their body so that they will not be dehydrated. The scales also help them in moving as well as burrowing on the sand. These scales are however soft to touch and may be pulled out while handling so extra caution must be observed. 

Their limbs, on the other hand, are designed for different purposes. One of which is to firmly hold themselves on the ground whenever they move around or to have their stance. Their limbs have yellow to orange hues with dark stripes around their back. They have dark shades on their head and the side of their body is pale in color. The abdomen is white. 

They also have a defensive mechanism when they are attacked or threatened by other animals. In that case, they tend to alarm the animal by making a sharp or hissing sound. They also lash their tail or make a threatening posture when they are provoked.

Habitation

Frog-eyed geckos have originated from arid deserts. In their original place, they create burrows by digging deep and that is where they keep themselves cool during the daylight. They burrow deep enough to reach the moisture way below the sand. They are hardy animals because of their survival skills and this makes them easier to care for in captivity. 

They are moderate in size, usually ranging from 5-8 inches. A single frog-eyed gecko can be housed in a 3’’ by 2’’ by 2 ft vivarium. The enclosure is not required to be high enough since these animals don’t climb. What they require is a wider space so that they can freely move on the ground. 

Substrate

Sand is a loose material which is easy to dig. Hence, this is the best substrate for the enclosure of your frog-eyed geckos. 

In setting up the substrate, place enough sand so that it can dig deep enough and reach the moist portion of the substrate. Although the sand may cause impaction when eaten by the geckos, the same will not be detrimental if your geckos are physically healthy. 

Cleanliness is also essential for the health of your geckos. Therefore, sand must be cleaned all the time. Always remove faces or waste since these are the primary causes of the growth of bacteria and fungi inside the tank. 

Humidity and Temperature

Aside from nutrition and proper humidity, the temperature is also the key to maintaining their health. Also, remember that they came from the desert so their environment has to be emulated as much as possible.

Humidity is kept within 40-50% during the daytime. This level is tolerable since the came from arid or dry conditions.  A water dish is usually placed to give them cooler ambient and regulate the humidity in the tank. Humidity should not be lower than what is required since it will result in dehydration.

Temperature is normally within 75-85 degrees Fahrenheit. The basking area during the daytime should be around 95 degrees Fahrenheit and this is made possible by providing UVB light or heat lamps. 

Light Requirement 

There is no specified lighting requirement for this gecko since they don’t bask all the time. However, they still need light for their normal functioning. At least 7% lighting is required to cover some areas of the enclosure but this would also depend on your geckos. You can also use UV tubes for the enclosure.

Light placement is also essential. It is advisable to keep it attached to the ceiling and closer to the warmer area. This will create a temperature gradient where they can position themselves. 

Decoration 

Frog-eyed geckos position themselves on rocks or hard materials when they bask. Decorations for basking areas such as artificial rocks can be placed below the UV light. Basking is essential to keep them healthy and so that their body can produce Vitamin D3 which is significant for the organs’ proper function.

Hides do not only serve as a decoration as they are also essential for their security and comfort. A hide is a place where your geckos run whenever they are stressed or threatened. Serious problems may develop in its absence. 

Succulents, trailing plants or artificial ornaments can also be placed inside the tank. It will create a naturalistic vibe that is not only appealing to the viewer’s eye. It also makes their enclosure more livable and conducive for your geckos.

Diet and nutrition 

Frog-eyed geckos are insectivores just like other species in the lizard family. They are greedy eaters who aggressively attack their prey. In their natural habitat, they normally feed on beetles and other insects.

In captivity, they are given insect feeders such as grasshoppers, crickets, waxworms and dubia roaches. These insects are sprinkled with supplements and vitamins or gut-loaded to provide geckos with the essential nutrients that they need for their development. 

They are fed at least once a day during nighttime when they are active. Insects of proper size should be given in variety. The water dish must also be changed with clean water from time to time.

Sexing and  Breeding 

With regard to the issue of s exing, it’s still the same with the other types. Males are usually characterized by the appearance of hemipenal bulges upon maturity and dark yellow scales on the back legs. Females, on the other hand, don’t have hemipenal bulges. 

Frog-eyed geckos need cooler conditions before they are bred. It is required that the temperature in the enclosure be slowly reduced to 50 to 61 degrees Fahrenheit for 3 months and be slowly increased thereafter. To enhance the coolness of the enclosure during the breeding period, misting may also be done on the cooler side of the enclosure.

Once the female has started layin, remove the eggs from the enclosure for incubation. The required temperature for incubation is 84 degrees Fahrenheit and they will normally hatch after two months. Roper humidity must also be observed in raising these eggs.       

Supplement

Supplements for frog-eyed geckos is the same as the other type of geckos. Calcium supplements are essential for their growth and for female adults who are in the breeding stage. This will also prevent diseases such as metabolic bone disease.

Vitamin D3 is also needed by geckos. This can be produced by the geckos through basking or supplementation. You can also use high-quality vitamins which are especially designed for reptiles and geckos. 

With the help of supplements, the right care and a good environment, frog-eyed geckos can rhea the age of 20 years. 

Common Health issues 

These animals are also prone to several health issues such as bacterial infection, respiratory issues and bone disorders. 

Bacterial infection is can be acquired by your frog-eyed geckos from a filthy environment. Wastes such as stools and other substances secreted by the animal can cause uncleanliness to the tank and this will also attract the growth of bacteria which can cause serious illness to your geckos. This can also result in bacterial dermatitis and may damage their body skin.

Respiratory issues are the result of too much humidity in the enclosure. Remember that these types of geckos are native to hot and arid conditions. High humidity is not advisable since it can lead to nose and throat swelling and pain. Respiratory issues can be prevented by proper environmental setup.

Bone disease, on the other hand, is a result of calcium deficiency. This can lead to bone deformation, stunted growth and other abnormalities. To remedy their condition, their diet must be properly managed. Calcium supplements are a great addition to insects. The insect feeder can also be gut loaded to make them carry the essential nutrient and have that well-balanced diet. 

Final Thoughts 

Frog-eyed geckos are excellent pets because they are beautiful and docile. They must be handled properly in order to keep them happy and healthy. 

Spot cleaning is a great way to prevent the growth of bacteria and fungi. The environment must also be in good condition so that they are secure and stress-free.

Handling frog-eyed geckos can be fulfilling and exciting at the same time. They give owners a sense of happiness and escape from stress and long days. They are excellent pets to improve your mood. Getting along with them helps your body release that oxytocin or happy hormone, which in turn reduces stress and depression.

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