Leopard Gecko Care

leopard gecko care

Do you own a leopard gecko as a pet? If so, you’re one of the lucky people, because these awesome animals make good pets.


The leopard gecko is a small lizard that is native to the deserts of Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, and Iran. These lizards get their name from their spots, which resemble those of a leopard. It is a popular pet choice for reptile enthusiasts and first-time reptile owners alike because they are relatively easy to care for and make great pets for everyone. 


In this article,  you will learn everything that you need to know about leopard geckos, from their natural habitat, behavior, diet, and among other things to help you render the best care for them in captivity.

Appearance & Behavior

Leopard geckos are small lizards that can grow to be about 7-10 inches long. They have distinctive spotted patterns on their skin that can come in a variety of colors. When choosing a leopard gecko, it’s important to select one that is healthy and has bright eyes and clear skin. Avoid any geckos that appear sickly or have open sores on their skin.


Leopard geckos are generally docile creatures that make great pets. They are nocturnal, so they are most active at night. During the day, they like to hide in their enclosure to avoid the light. So, it’s important to provide them with hiding places so they feel secure. Geckos are also solitary creatures and do not do well when housed with other animals.



Leopard geckos are found in a variety of habitats. They inhibit rocky deserts and arid grasslands, dry scrubland, dry forest as well as tropical rainforests to montane forests. Hence, leopard geckos are adaptable creatures that can thrive in a number of different environments. However, all of their habitat types have one thing in common. They prefer arid habitats with very little rainfall. This is why leopard geckos need access to water so that they can stay hydrated. 


In captivity, leopard geckos need a habitat that actually imitates their natural environment as closely as possible. This means providing them with a warm basking area, plenty of hiding spots, and a good source of food. 


The enclosure must be big enough to facilitate their movement.  A size of at least a 20-gallon container is sufficient to help them thrive. 


The enclosure must be well decorated to make it more appealing to their eyes. The primary consideration in choosing the decoration is the safety of your pets. Hence, it is necessary to add only non-toxic decorations and materials which will not cause possible injuries to your pets.


You can start by adding some greenery to the enclosure. You can do this by adding live plants or fake plants. Live plants are great because they help to purify the air and create a naturalistic environment for your leopard gecko. Fake plants are also a great option and require lesser maintenance than live plants. Whichever you choose, just make sure that the plants you add are non-toxic and safe for your leopard gecko.


You can also add hiding places. They are an important part of any leopard gecko enclosure. Leopard geckos like to have places where they can feel safe and secure. There are many different ways that you can create hiding places in your enclosure. First, you can buy commercial products online that is suitable for your leopard geckos. However, If you want to be more creative, you can make use of items that you already have around the house like small pots, woods, etch.


Water is very significant for their growth. Hence, you must always provide them access to clean water every day. Water has an important role in this body’s functioning thus preventing  dehydration and other possible complications for leopard geckos.


In the wild, they get water from insects or dew. However, animals held in captivity must be provided with a bowl of water to keep them hydrated.  


There are many substrates on the market that are suitable for leopard geckos, but the best choice would be chemical-free substrates which are good at retaining moisture. Coco coir is an environmentally friendly substrate made from coconut husks. It holds moisture well, which is great for raising humidity levels, but it also drains well so you don’t have to worry about your gecko being soaked on the substrate. Coconut coir is also soft enough and it will not injure your gecko’s delicate toes.


Leopard geckos are nocturnal animals, so they do not need a lot of light. In fact, too much light can be harmful to them. However, they still need some light to properly digest their food and generate vitamin D3, which is essential for their health. 


One of the best ways to provide your leopard gecko with the right amount of light is to use a UVB bulb. UVB bulbs emit ultraviolet radiation, which helps reptiles synthesize vitamin D3. 


Leopard geckos are native to warm desert climates, so they do best in environments with temperatures between 75 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit. It is important to provide a temperature gradient in the enclosure so your gecko can thermoregulate. To provide a temperature gradient, you can add a basking lamp on one end of the enclosure and a cool hide on the other. It is also important to use a thermometer to monitor the temperature inside the enclosure.


Leopard geckos do not require high humidity levels, but they need the right level of moisture to shed their skin properly. The humidity level inside the enclosure should be between 30 and 40%. You can mist the enclosure lightly once or twice a week to raise the humidity level. It is also important to provide a water bowl for your gecko to drink from. 

Cleaning their habitat

The key steps in cleaning their habitat are the following: 


The first step is to remove your leopard gecko from the enclosure. You can do this by gently scooping them up with your hands or using a cup or container. Place them in a safe place where they cannot escape.


Once your leopard gecko is removed from the enclosure, it is time to start cleaning. The best way to clean the enclosure is with mild soap and water. Avoid using harsh chemicals or cleaners as these can be harmful to your leopard gecko. Use a cloth or sponge to scrub all of the surfaces of the enclosure, including the glass, rocks, and plants. Rinse the area thoroughly with water before you use it again.


After you have cleaned the enclosure, it is important to disinfect it also. This will help remove any bacteria or germs that may be present. 


Leopard geckos are insectivores, meaning that their diet consists primarily of insects. In the wild, their diet includes crickets, grasshoppers, moths, beetles, and worms. They will also eat small vertebrates in the wild when they are given the opportunity. 


In captivity, it’s important to mimic your pet’s natural diet as closely as possible to ensure their good health. 


When feeding your leopard gecko live food items, it’s important to dust them with calcium powder to ensure that your pet is getting enough calcium in their diet. You should also gut-load the insects so that they will carry enought nutrition for your pets.


Screening Health Condition

As a pet owner, it is important to know how to properly screen your leopard gecko’s health condition. By doing this, you will be able you address any problems early and provide immediate treatment. 


One of the easiest ways to screen your leopard gecko’s health is by monitoring its body weight. Compare your gecko’s current weight to its previous record. If your gecko has lost a significant amount of weight, this could be a sign of illness.


Another way to screen your leopard gecko’s health is by observing its eating and drinking habits. If you notice that your gecko is not eating or drinking as much as usual, this could be a sign of illness. However, this behavior can also be a sign that they are about to shed their skin.


You can also look at its feces and urates to screen its health. If the feces are runny, this could be a sign of parasitic infection or diarrhea.  This situation can lead to serious health problems, so it is important to catch it early. 


Common Leopard Gecko Health Issues

One of the most common health problems that leopard geckos is dehydration. When leopard geckos become dehydrated, their skin will appear thin and wrinkled. In addition, their eyes may sink into their sockets and their tail may become thin. You can treat this by misting the enclosure or by adding a constant supply of fresh and clean water. However, if the same is insufficient, you can bring them to the vet for immediate treatment.


Metabolic bone disease or MBD is another common health problem among leopard gecko. This is caused by a lack of calcium in the diet and can lead to softening of the bones, deformities, and paralysis. Signs may include twitching, trembling, hind leg paralysis, and lethargy. The best way to prevent MBD is to provide your leopard gecko with a diet that is rich in calcium. 


Respiratory infections are also a common health problem among leopard geckos. This is caused by bacteria or viruses and can cause symptoms such as runny nose, wheezing, sneezing, and loss of appetite. The best way to prevent respiratory infections is to maintain proper humidity levels in your leopard gecko’s enclosure. The ideal humidity level for a Leopard Gecko enclosure is between 30-40%.



Leopard geckos make great pets for a lot of reasons. They are the best choice not only because of their docile behavior. They are also easy to care for and very friendly animals! Furthermore, they come in a wide variety of colors and patterns that make them unique and fascinating creatures. 


If you’re considering adding a leopard gecko to your family, be sure to do your research so you can provide the best possible care for this special reptile. With a little bit of knowledge, you can create a happy home for your new pet leopard gecko!

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